Formal verification of software product families

Formal verification techniques for software product families not only analyse individual programs, but act on the artifacts and components which are reused to obtain multiple software products. As the number of products is exponential in the number of artifacts, it is essential to perform verification in a modular fashion instead of verifying each product separately: the goal is to reuse not merely software artifacts, but also their verification proofs. In our setting, we realize code reuse by delta-oriented programming, an approach where a core program is gradually transformed by code "deltas" each of which corresponds to a product feature. The delta-oriented paradigm is then extended to contract-based formal specifications and to verification proofs. As a next step towards modular verification we transpose Liskov's behavioural subtyping principle to the delta world. Finally, based on the resulting theory, we perform a syntactic analysis of contract deltas that permits us to automatically factor out those parts of a verification proof that stays valid after applying a code delta.

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